American Masters

Keller's use of oral communication [Audio Description]

Clip: 10/19/2021 | 2m 31s | Video has closed captioning.

Alexander Graham Bell encouraged Helen Keller to practice oralism, where deaf people communicate through speech and lip-reading instead of sign language. "Oralism in general, I think, has a very oppressive quality to it, because what oralism is predicated on is the idea that the only way to communicate effectively is being able to speak," said disability rights advocate Rebecca Alexander.

Aired: 10/19/21

Rating: NR

Problems Playing Video? | Closed Captioning

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A front row seat to the creative process

How do today’s masters create their art? Each week an artist reveals how they brought one of their iconic works to life. Hear from artists across disciplines, like filmmakers Errol Morris and M. Night Shyamalan, poet Jericho Brown, musician Kim Gordon, and more on our podcast "American Masters: Creative Spark."